Archive for impressionism

Happy Birthday Georges Braque!

Posted in ART, ART HISTORY, ARTISTS BIRTHDAYS with tags , , , , , , , , , on May 13, 2020 by echostains

le viaduct de La Estaque

Le Viaduct de L’ Estaque

 

Georges Braque b. Paris, France (1882-1963) was a  painter, collagist and draughtsman, sculptor and printmaker. His major contribution to  Art History is through Cubisim, which he founded and developed alongside   his close association with  Picasso during the 1908-1912 period.

houses at l estaque 1908

Houses at de L’Estaque

He also participated in Fauvism and Impressionism and his work was full of bold shapes and striking colours.  His work during the War though was more sombre and reflective of the mood, but between the war, when the word changed – so did he, using lighter colours, themes and styles.

man and guitar 1911

Man and Guitar 1911

Cubism though can be found in most of this work throughout his career.  He studied painting at Le Havre Academy,  at first concentrating on Impressionism.  Around  1905,  inspired by Cezanne and Van Gogh and their bright use of colours he became a Fauvist painter and exhibited with Henri Matisse and Andre Derain who were also Fauvists.

Braque had his first solo exhibition in 1908 and from 1909-1914 spent time with Picasso  developing a darker colour palette and use of bold line which was to become the Cubism style.

the portuguese

The Portuguese

Cubism challenged presentable form as perspective and conveyed a different way of ‘seeing’, which reflected the ‘modern’ world. Braque incorporated collage innovatively into his work.  His work after the WW1 changed direction again –   reflecting nature and the effect of light, but he never strayed to far from his Cubist style and his  bold use of lines and colour.

girl with a cross

Girl with a Cross

In 1937 he began to add sculpture to his repertoire and did receive some international success when his pieces went beyond Europe and were shown in the USA. He worked after WW2, concentrating on lighter subjects like landscape, sea and nature.  his health was not robust, yet it did not prevent him forming a new art movement of Cubism along side Picasso.

With thanks to WikiArt

More about Braque here

Images from here

Happy Birthday Grant Wood – a slice of American Pie

Posted in ART, ARTISTS BIRTHDAYS, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 13, 2020 by echostains

Grant_Wood_-_American_Gothic_-_Google_Art_Project

American Regionalist artist Grant Wood (1891-1942) is known for his paintings of the rural midwest.  He is one of the Regionalists Triumvirate  along With John Stueart Currie and Thomas Hart Benson.   Wood worked in many other media besides paint, including stained glass, wood and metal,  but he is most famous for his 1930 iconic painting known as American Gothic.  This painting is thought to be something of an enigma.  Some critics saw and still see  it as a depiction of small town narrow mindedness.  Wood himself rejected this and maintained that  the painting depicted the pioneer steadfastness of the American spirit – read my other posts about this and the other Regionalists and decide for yourself.

https://wordpress.com/post/echostains.wordpress.com/10930

https://wordpress.com/post/echostains.wordpress.com/7162

 

PS There’s a poem I wrote about American Gothic. entitled American Gothic and the Hot Meat Pie over on my other blog Bookstains

 

Plus There’s a poem about an old chair over on Bookstains herehttps://bookstains.wordpress.com/2020/04/16/i-really-could-sit-in-a-chair-all-day/

Thanks to;

American Gothic image here
More on Grant Wood  here

Happy Birthday Renoir!

Posted in ART, ART HISTORY, ARTISTS BIRTHDAYS with tags , , , on February 26, 2010 by echostains

Pierre Auguste Renoir

Today is the birthday of French Impressionist painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir  (b. 1841- 1919).  He originally started his artistic career as an artist in a porcelain factory.  His first exhibition was in 1864 at the Paris Salon and his early work portray scenes from life.  But real recognition came 1874 where he exhibited 6 paintings in Paris at the first Impressionist exhibition, and two paintings in London.  His famous fellow Impressionists include of course Monet, Bazille and Sisley and Pissarro.

The work of art must seize upon you, wrap you up in itself and carry you away. It is the means by which the artist conveys his passion. It is the current which he puts forth, which sweeps you along in his passion”

Luncheon at the Boating party

Impressionism not only embraced art, it also encompassed music.   It was a massive movement established 1867 – 1886 and tried to capture the effect of light and colour.  Renoir admired Delacroix use of colour and his early paintings reflect this.

La Moulin de la Galette

He   also admired Courbet and Manet – and especially Boucher.  Renoir’s use of colour and light are his trademark.  He loved to paint outdoor scenes en plein air.    He did return to Classicism in later years and concentrated more on his drawings.  But after 1890, his style changed again, he concentrated more on the domestic theme and nudes.

The Bathers 1887 Renoir

Although crippled with arthritis in later years, which restricted his movements, he adopted to this by having a brush strapped to his stiffened paralysed fingers.  It was in this period of his life that he began sculpting with Richard Guino.

renoir two sisters on a terrace

His paintings – of which there are several thousand, are very much-loved by most people and have been reproduced continuously.

Excellent gallery and information about this artist HERE

Short biography here

PS

‘Happy Birthday Paul Cezanne!)

Posted in ART, ART HISTORY, ARTISTS BIRTHDAYS with tags , , , , , , on January 19, 2010 by echostains

  

Paul Cezanne

 Today is the birthday of Paul Cezanne the French Post impressionist (1839 – 1906).  Cezanne, son of a banker in Province, he came to fame relatively late in life  He studied law before entering his father’s bank (1859 -61) but left to study art in Paris at Académie Suisse, where he met Pissarro, Monet and many other painters though he failed his entrance exam for the Ecole des Beaux-Arts.  Pissarro became an important influence in Cezanne’s early career, introducing him to some of the techniques of impressionism.  But Cezanne wanted to lend more weight to, what he referred as the lack of structure of impressionist painting;-

“I want to make of impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums” 

 
 
 
 

mount sainte victoire

Early in his career, Cezanne used to paint from memory rather than use actual models , though later in his career, the artist  preferred to work from his own observation of nature and the permanancy of classical composition.  Cezanne painted still lifes and Landscapes for a long time and was obsessed with the geometric shapes of the cone, cylinder and sphere which appear in nature, as well as colour as  tone. In his early work his  main concern was with the figure within the landscape. 

 

The Bathers Cezanne

 

Cezanne was very influential towards other artists and is sometimes called the ‘father of modern art’ as he paved the way towards abstraction and Cubism.  This can be seen by the strong geometry element that lies within his work, coupled with solidity and depth of volume and form.  This flattening of space and form did indeed go a long  some way to influencing  Picasso and cubism.   Picasso who didn’t give praise lightly, had this to say about Cezanne: 

“My one and only master . . . Cezanne was like the father of us all”.

There are a lot more of artist’s birthdays – look in my categoreis

For a more detailed look at this artists life HERE and HERE

THIS  site has a lot of his work

PS………